多项式乘法

$B(x)=\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{m-1}b_jx^j$

$\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{n+m-2}c_jx^j$

$c_j=\displaystyle\sum_{k=0}^{j}a_kb_{j-k}$

系数表达与点值表达

1.求值。将AB两个多项式的系数表达转换为点值表达。
2.点值乘法。用AB两个多项式的点值表达得到C的点值表达。
3.插值。将C的点值表达转换为系数表达。

使用快速傅里叶变换（FFT）进行求值

$\omega_{n}^{k+n/2}=e^{2k\pi i/n+\pi i}=-\omega_{n}^{k}$
$\omega_{n/2}^{k+n/2}=e^{2k\pi i/(n/2)+2\pi i}=\omega_{n/2}^{k}$

使用逆快速傅里叶变换（逆FFT）实现插值

$[VU]_{jj'}=\displaystyle\sum_{k=0}^{n-1} \omega_n^{k(j'-j)}/n$

$=\omega_n^{j'-j}/n \displaystyle\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}\omega_n^k$
$=\omega_n^{j'-j}/n (\omega_n^n -1)/(\omega_n -1)$
$=0$

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